IRR OF RA 7277
IMPLEMENTING RULES AND REGULATIONS
OF THE MAGNA CARTA FOR DISABLED PERSONS
(Republic Act No. 7277)
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Abandoned â€“ an abandoned disabled person is one who has no proper parental care or
guardianship, or whose parents or guardians have deserted him for a period of at least six
Abused â€“ an abused disabled person is one who has been maltreated raped, or seduced, exploited
and overworked or made to work under conditions not conductive to good health. He/She is
made to be in the street or public places, and is exposed to moral danger.
Accreditation â€“ means the Certification given by the Department of Health (DOH) and the
Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) recognizing the disability, skills, and
qualifications of a disabled worker.
Adapted Physical Education â€“ therapeutic application of physical education to rehabilitate
learners with special needs whose functional deficiencies are amenable to improvement through
exercise. Adapted physical education programs should be planned and implemented in
coordination with psychological and medical services.
Affordable Cost â€“ the lowest amount charged to a person that meets the criteria for affordability
as determined under existing policies of the Department of Health.
Apprentice â€“ means a worker who is covered by a written Apprenticeship Agreement with an
Apprenticeable Occupation â€“ means any trade, form of employment or occupation, which
requires more than three (3) months of practical on-the-job training supplemented by related
Apprenticeship â€“ means on-the-job practical training supplemented by related theoretical
Apprenticeship Agreement â€“ means written employments contract in which the employer binds
himself to train the apprentice in turn agrees to work for the employer.
Auditory Training â€“ the producer of teaching persons with hearing impairments, to make full use of their residual ability.
Auxiliary – a. Offering, providing help, assistance or support
b. Functioning in a subsidiary capacity; augmenting or available to augment a basis power, potential, or ability; supplementary.
Auxiliary Aids and Services include:
1. Qualified interpreters or other effective methods of delivering materials to individuals with
2. Qualified readers, taped tests, or other effective methods of delivering materials to
individuals with visual impairments;
3. Acquisition or modification of equipment or devices; and
4. Other similar services and actions or all types of aids and services that facilitate the learning
process of people with mental disability.
Auxiliary Social Services â€“ are the supportive activities in the delivery of social services to the
marginalized sectors of society.
Basic Medical Services â€“ services rendered to disabled patients within the competence and
capability of DOH health facilities which include health examinations, medical/surgical
procedures, regular dental care and selected procedures, routine/special laboratory examinations,
and ancillary procedures as required.
Cognitive Skills â€“ refers to the ability to see, perceive, understand, and see the relationship
between ideas and facts.
Commerce â€“ shall be taken on mean as travel, trade, traffic, commerce, transportation, or level
that use and build on the resources of the community, including the impaired disabled and
handicapped persons themselves, their families, and their community as a whole.
Complete, Adequate and Integrated System of Special Education â€“ educational program that
caters to various types of learners with special needs from preschool to tertiary levels and their
formal or nonformal programs that are complementary mutually reinforcing and a comparable
Covered Entity â€“ means an employer, employment agency, labor organization or joint labor-,
Customized Vehicle â€“ a vehicle manufactured, reconstituted or reassembled to suit the
particular user according to his personal requirements, needs or desire.
Depot â€“ an area where facilities for storing, classifying and sorting of goods/cargoes are
provided. It may be a part or separate from the terminal and serves as a place for storing of the
transport facility, fueling, clearing, inspection, and repair.
Disability â€“ shall mean (1) a physical impairment that substantially limits one or more
psychological, physiological or anatomical function of an individual or activities of such
individual; (2) a record of such an impairment; or (3) being regarded as having such an
Disabled Gifted â€“ persons who demonstrate superior performance capabilities in intellectual,
creative, specific academic areas, leadership, or in the arts in spite of physical, sensory or
Disabled Persons â€“ those suffering from restriction of different abilities, as a result of a mental,
Physical or sensory impairment, in performing an activity in the manner or within the range
considered normal for a human being.
Disabled Worker â€“ means a worker whose earning capacity is impaired by mental, physical or
sensory deficiency or injury.
Employment Agreement â€“ means the contract of employment entered into between the
employer and the disabled worker.
Formal Education â€“ refers to hierarchically structured and chronologically graded learning
organized and provided by the formal school system and for which certification is required in
order for the learner to progress through the grades or moved higher level (P.B. 232 â€“ Education
Fits/Seizures – a neurologic condition characterized by sudden loss of consciousness coupled
with sudden uncontrolled movements.
Functional – Relating directly to everybody needs and interests;
- Concerned with application in activity;
- Performing or able to perform its regular function
Handicap â€“ refers to disadvantage for a given individual, resulting from an impairment or a
disability, that limits or prevents the function or activity, that is considered normal given the age
and sex of the individual.
Handicapped â€“ a disadvantaged for a given individual, resulting from an impairment or a
disability, that limits or prevents the function or activity, that is considered normal given the age
and sex of the handicapped individual.
Impairment â€“ is any loss, diminution or aberration of psychological, physiological, or
anatomical structure or function.
Income Producing Projects or Homework Schemes â€“ means the work and services that a
disabled person can adequately and preferentially do or provide in sheltered workshops or in
about the disabled persons homes that will provide them the opportunity to earn a living and
acquire a working capacity required in open industry.
Independent Living â€“ the degree to which a disabled person is able to maintain himself
independently in the community and in gainful employment.
Indigent â€“ a disabled person whose level of income falls below the poverty threshold.
Learner with Special Needs â€“ a person who differs significantly from the average learner in (a)
mental characteristics; (b) sensory abilities; (c) neuromuscular or physical characteristics; (d)
psychosocial characteristics; or has multiple handicaps or has chronic illness; and or has a
developmental lag to such an extent that he requires modified or specialized instruction and
services in order to develop to his maximum capability.
Learning Disabled â€“ persons who, although normal in sensory, emotional and intellectual
abilities, exhibit disorders in perception, listening, thinking, reading, writing, spelling, and
Learning Institution (LI) â€“ any educational institution managed or owned by the government, a
private individual, a corporation or any legal entity, which caters to children, youth and adults
with special needs. A learning institution may be day or residential in nature.
Local Government Unit â€“ refers to the municipality, city, and province or to any political
subdivision of the national government as defined by law.
Marginalized Disabled Persons â€“ refer to disabled persons who lack access to rehabilitative
services and opportunities to be able to participate fully in socio-economic activities and who
have no means of livelihood or whose incomes fall below the poverty threshold.
Mental Disability â€“ disability resulting from organic brain syndromes (example: mental
retardation, acquired lesions of the central nervous system, demenia) and mental illnesses
(psychotic and non-psychotic disorders).
Multi-handicapped â€“ persons with more than one disability such as those with mental
retardation-blindness mental retardation-orthopedic handicap, deafness-blindness and others.
Neglected â€“ a neglected disabled person is one whose basic needs have been deliberately
unattended or inadequately attended. As a result, the disabled person is either malnourished, ill
clad or without proper shelter.
Nonfornmal Education â€“ any unstructured educational activity which take place outside the
established formal education system. It is designed to complement or extend as well as provide
an alternative to the formal education.
Normalization â€“ a principle in SPED where learners with special needs are provided with an
educational and living environment as close as possible to what is ordinarily enjoyed by most
Orthopedically Handicapped â€“ persons whose impairment interferes either permanently or
temporarily, with the normal functioning of the joints, muscles or limbs.
Persons with Autism â€“ a developmental disability, having onset before 30 months of age, which
is marked by disturbance in development, language and relationships with persons, activities and
Persons with Behavioral Problems â€“ those who cannot adjust to the socially accepted norms of
behavior and, consequently, disrupt their academic progress, the learning efforts of their
classmates, and interpersonal relations. Their emotional and social development is so seriously
impaired that they cannot benefit from instruction in an ordinary class.
Persons with Hearing Impairment â€“ those with auditory disabilities ranging from mild to
profound hearing loss..
Persons with Mental Retardation â€“ those with significant sub-average general intellectual
functioning which originates during the developmental period, existing concurrently with deficits
in adaptive behavior like maturation, learning and social adjustment.
Persons with Visual Impairment â€“ those with visual disabilities ranging from partial to total
loss of vision.
Physiatrist â€“ a doctor of medicine with specialized training in rehabilitation medicine.
Prevocational Skills â€“ refer to preparatory activities designed to equip the learner with readiness
skills for formal vocational training.
Private Practitioner â€“ Physicians, physiatrist, physical therapist, occupational therapist, speech
therapist, psychologist, and other professionals engaged in private practice.
Program Modification â€“ refers to any adjustments in the educational program and/or services
for learners with special needs in order to facilitate their learning. Modifications and adjustments
may be done in such aspects as classroom program, services and facilities, class schedule,
curricular scope and sequence, teaching objectives, teaching strategies, instructional materials,
facilities and equipment.
Psychosocial â€“ comes from the words psychological and social; inter-relationship of the
psychological aspects pertaining to the thoughts, feelings, reactions, behavior of a person with
the social aspects pertaining to the situation circumstances, events, relationships, other people
which influence or affect the person sometimes to the point of causing distress.
Public Transportation â€“ means transportation by air, land and sea that provides the public with
general or special service on a regular and continuing basis..
Public Transport Facilities â€“ shall defined as utilities of public transport operators engaged in
the transportation of passengers on land, air and water, with or without fixed route of any class or
service. Facilities shall include, among others, the conveyances, terminals, and other areas where
people converge to wait for such conveyances.
Qualified Individual with a Disability â€“ shall mean an individual with disability who, with or
without reasonable accommodations, can perform the essential functions of the employment
position that such individuals holds or desires. However, consideration shall be given to the
employerâ€™s judgment as to what functions of a job are essential, and if an employer has prepared
a written description before advertising or interviewing applicant for the job, this description
shall be considered evidence of the essential functions of the job.
Quality Education â€“ a learning process that makes the individual a better person and prepares
him to cope with rapid social change with appropriate skills and positive values leading to
productive and meaningful life as responsible citizen.
Readily Achievable â€“ means a goal can be easily attained and carried out without much
difficulty or expense. In determining whether an action is readily achievable, factors to be
considered include â€“
1) the natural and cost of the action;
2) the overall financial resources of the facility of facilities involved in the action; the number
of persons employed at such facility; the effect on expense and resources, or the impact
otherwise of such action upon the operation of the facility
3) the overall financial resources of the covered entity with respect to the number of its
employees; the number; type and location of its facilities; and
4) the type of operations of the covered entity, including the composition, structure and
functions of the work force of such entity; the geographic separateness, administrative or
fiscal relationship of the facility or facilities in question to the covered entity;
Reasonable Accommodations includes 1) improvement of existing facilities used any
employees in order to render these readily accessible to and usable by disabled persons; and 2)
modification of work schedules, reassignment to a vacant position, acquisition or modification of
equipment or devices, appropriate adjustments or modifications of examinations, training
materials or company policies, rules and regulations, the provision of auxiliary aids and services,
and other similar accommodations for disabled persons.
Rehabilitation an integrated approach to physical, psychosocial, cultural, spiritual, educational,
or vocational measures that create conditions for the individual to attain the highest possible
level of functional ability.
Research on Special Problems â€“ studies conducted on special education and related aspects
such as: (a) conducted curriculum for particular types of competencies, learners with special
needs, (b) teaching strategies, (c) teachersâ€™ competencies, (d) materials development, (e) nature
and needs of particular types of learners with special needs, (f) assessment of learners with
special needs, (g) programs and services and (h) adaptation in facilities and equipment.
Sheltered Employment â€“ means the provision of productive work for disabled persons through
workshops providing special facilities, income-producing projects or home works schemes with
a view of giving the disabled the opportunity to earn a living thus enabling them to acquire a
working capacity required in open industry.
Sheltered Workshop â€“ refers to the places with special facilities for disabled workers, where
income producing projects or homework schemes are available for the disabled to earn a living
and acquire a working capacity required in open industry.
Social Barriers â€“ refer to the characteristics of institutions, whether legal, economic, cultural,
recreational or other, any human group, community, or society which limit the fullest possible
participation of disabled persons in the life of the group. Social barriers include negative
attitudes, which tend to single out and exclude disabled persons and which materials and
adaptations in facilities equipment.
Social Barriers â€“ refers to a class generally for one type of a learner with special needs
organized within the regular school and taught by a SPED teacher.
Special Education (SPED) â€“ the type of education specifically designed for learners with
special needs who can not profit maximally from regular education such that they require trained
personnel, modifications in the caracula, teaching methods, instructional materials and
adaptations in facilities and equipment.
Special Education Needs â€“ take the form of the need for one or more of the following: (a) the
provision of special means of access to the curriculum through special equipments, facilities or
resources, modification of the physical environment or specialized teaching techniques; (b)
provision of a special or modified curriculum; (c) particular attention to the social structure and
emotional climate in which education takes place (UNESCO), World Education Report, 1991)
Special Education Teacher â€“ professionally trained educators teaching learners with special
Special Facilities â€“ means the special environment devoid of architectural and attitudinal or
social barriers that further incapacitate a disabled person to function as able as possible. Said
facilities, likewise, refer to special equipment, gadgets, machineries and tools of production
adapted to the residual capabilities of disabled persons.
Specialty – a particular, peculiar, or individual circumstances, detail or characteristics;
- a distinctive or sometimes a restrictive mark or quality
State University and Colleges â€“ refer to duly establish learning or educational institutions.
Stations â€“ are designated covered or uncovered areas on the board or highways, railways,
seaports, and airports along a route structure intended for loading and unloading passengers and
cargo/es for a limited period of time where minimum passenger amenities are provided.
Suitable Employment â€“ means the jobs or occupations appropriate to the needs of disabled
persons and which enhance their skills and provide them which better opportunities for
Technical Aids â€“ include equipment, devices and appliances that are used in the prevention,
treatment and rehabilitation of disabilities.
Terminal â€“ refers to public terminal of different modes usually located at both ends of the route
structure and/or part of the turning point where passengers merge to enter/exit from public
conveyances and transfer to other modes. It is commonly provided with facilities for lay-over,
inspection and repair arias as well as passenger amenities such as restaurants, rest rooms and
lounges. Terminals may include airports, ports and harbors, LRT, PNR, bus and jeepney
terminals which may vary from a simple shelter to a multi-level structure.
Total Communication Approach â€“ a system of communication which incorporate aural, oral
and manual modes of communication involving speech and speech reading, finger spelling and
sign language, reading and writing which may be used singly or in multiple combinations to
ensure effective interaction with other people and among persons with hearing impairment.
Unattached â€“ an unattached disabled person is one who is without a parent, guardian or
custodian, and is dependent upon the public for support.
Vocational Efficiency â€“ level of vocational proficiency and competency which when attained
enables a person to work on an equal footing with other people with similar background and
Vocational Training â€“ refers to the teaching of relevant occupational skills geared towards
SECTION 1. Equal Opportunity for Employment
1.1 Opportunity for suitable employment. â€“ Opportunity for suitable employment shall be open
to all qualified disabled persons. Efforts shall be exerted to provide qualified disabled
persons equal opportunity in the selection process based on qualification standards
prescribed for a appointment to a position.
1.2 Discrimination in employment. â€“ No individual or entity, whether public or private, shall
discriminate against a qualified disabled person by reason of disability in regard to job
application procedures; the hiring, promotion, or discharge of employees, employee
compensation, job training, and other terms and conditions of employment. The following
constitute acts of discrimination:
a) Limiting, segregating or classifying a disabled job applicant in such manner that
adversely affects his work opportunities;
b) Using qualification standards, employment tests or others selection criteria that rule out
or tend to rule out a disabled person unless such standards, tests or other selection
criteria are shown to be job-related for the position in question and are consistent with
c) Utilizing standards, criteria or methods of administration that:
1. Have the effect of discrimination on the basis of disability; or
2. Perpetuate the discrimination of others who are subject to common
d) Providing a lower compensation, salary, wage or other forms of remuneration and fringe
benefits to a qualified disabled employee by reason of his disability as compared to a
worker performing the same type and amount of work but who is not disabled;
e) Favoring a non-disabled employee over a qualified disabled employee with respect to
promotion, training opportunities, study and scholarship grants, solely on account of the
f) Re-assigning or transferring a disabled employee to a job or position he cannot perform
by reason of his disability;
g) Dismissing or terminating the services of the disabled employee by reason of his
disability unless the employer can prove that the satisfactory performance of the work
involved is impaired by reason of the disability to the prejudice of the business entity,
Provided, however, that the employer has first exerted effort to provide reasonable
accommodations for the disabled worker;
h) Failing to select or administer in the most effective manner employment tests which
accurately reflect or measure the skills, aptitude or positive traits of the disabled
applicant or employee rather than the impaired sensory, manual or speaking capabilities
of such applicant or employee, if any; and
i) Excluding disabled persons from membership in labor unions or similar organizations.
1.3 Pre-employment medical examination. â€“ Upon an offer of employment, a disabled applicant
may be subjected to a medical examination subject to the following conditions:
a.) Workers to be hired are subjected to such medical examination regardless of whether or
not they are disabled.
b) Information obtained concerning the medical condition or history of the applicant is
collected and maintained in separate forms and in separate medical files and is treated
as confidential medical information, Provided, however, that:
1. Supervisors and managers may be advised of a medical findings regarding the
applicant if it will result in impairment of the work or duties of the employees or
will require the installation of special facilities;
2. First aid and safety personnel may also be informed of the medical finding, when
appropriate, if the disability will require emergency treatment;
3. The Secretary of the Department of Labor and Employment or his duly
authorized representative investigating compliance with this Act shall be
provided relevant information or request; and
4. The results of such medical examination shall be used only in accordance with
1.4 Compensation and other benefits. â€“ The disabled employee shall receive the same
compensation, privileges, fringe benefits, incentives or allowances and other employee
benefits as any other qualified employee.
1.5 Reserved positions for the disabled. â€“ Subject to existing laws and regulations, the
Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD); DOH; Department of
Education, Culture and Sports (DECS); and other government agencies, offices or
corporations engaged in social development, shall reserved five percent (5%) of all their
casual, emergency and contractual positions for employment of disabled persons.
SECTION 2. Sheltered Employment
2.1 Provisions of sheltered employment. â€“ The State shall provide sheltered employment to the
disabled if suitable employment is not available in the open labor market. In the placement of
disabled persons in sheltered employment, their individual qualities, vocational goals and
inclinations shall be accorded due regard to ensure a good working atmosphere and efficient
2.2 Sheltered workshop. â€“ For the purpose of sheltered employment, DOLE and DSWD shall
endeavor to set up sheltered workshops in all regions of the country in consultation and
coordination with existing non-government organizations (NGOs) and peopleâ€™s organizations
(POs) which provide parallel services to disabled persons.
2.3 Entitlement to sheltered employment.
(a) Any disabled person who is literate and/or can follow simple instructions and routine
work, provided he has undergone training in any particular work or service, shall be
entitled to sheltered employment.
(c) The DOLE shall provide training in pre-determined preferential trades for the disabled
who are bound for sheltered employment.
SECTION 3. Apprenticeship and Learnership
3.1 Qualification for Apprenticeship. â€“ To qualify as an apprenticeship or learner, the handicap
of the disabled person should not be such as to effectively impede the performance of job
operation in the particular occupation for which he shall be hired.
In addition, the disabled worker shall:
a.) Be at least fourteen (14) years of age;
b.) Possess vocational aptitude and capacity for apprenticeship; and
c.) Posses the ability to comprehend and follow oral and written instructions.
3.2 Apprenticeship agreement. â€“ Every apprenticeship agreement shall include the following:
(a) The full names and addresses of the contracting parties;
(b) Date of birth of the apprentice;
(c) Name of the trade, occupation or job in which the apprentice will be trainee and the dates on which such training will begin and will approximately end;
(d) The approximate number of hours of on-the-job training as well as of supplementary theoretical instructions which the apprentice shall undergo during his training;
(e) A schedule of the work processes of the trade/occupation in which the apprentice shall be trained and the approximate time to be spent on the job in each process;
(f) The graduated scale of wage to be paid the apprentice;
(g) The probationary period of the apprentice during which either party may summarily terminate the agreement;
(h) A commitment by the employer to make the apprentice a regular employee if the latterâ€™s services are retained upon completion of the apprenticeship period; and
(i) A clause that if the employer is unable to fulfill his training obligation, he may
transfer the agreement, with the consent of the apprentice, to any other
employer who is willing to assume such obligation.
The employer shall furnish the concerned Regional Office of DOLE a copy of the
apprenticeship agreement five (5) working days from the date of its execution.
3.3 Apprenticeship programs. â€“
(a) NMYC shall develop throughout the year apprenticeship programs for
(b) DOLE shall encourage private companies to develop and implement
apprenticeship programs for disabled persons.
(c) Apprenticeship programs shall include placement assistance with
3.4 Learnership agreement. â€“ Any employer desiring to employ learners shall enter into a
Learnership Agreement with them, which shall include:
(a) the name and address of the learner;
(b) the duration of the learnership period, which shall not exceed three (3) months;
(c) the wages or salary rates of the learner which shall begin at not less than seventy-five
percent (75%) of the applicable minimum wage; and
(d) A commitment by the employer to employ the learner, if he so desires, as a regular
employee upon completion of the learnership. A learner who has been allowed or
suffered to work during the first two (2) months shall be deemed a regular employee if
training is terminated by the employer before the end of the stipulated period through no
fault of the learner.
The Learnership Agreement shall be subject to examination by the Secretary of DOLE or his
duly authorized representatives.
3.5 Learnership in piece work. â€“ Learners employed in piece or incentives rate jobs during the
training period shall be paid in fully for the work done.
SECTION 4. Incentives for Employer
4.1 Incentives. â€“
(a) Private entities that employ disabled persons who meet the required skills or
qualifications either as a regular employee, apprentice or learners shall be entitled to an
additional deduction from their gross income equivalent to twenty-five percent (25%)
of the total amount paid as salaries and wages to disabled persons.
(b) Private entities that improve or modify their physical facilities in order to provide
reasonable accommodation for disabled persons shall be entitled to an additional
deduction from their net income, equivalent to fifty percent (50%) of the direct cost of
the improvements or modifications. This Section, however, does not apply to
improvements or modifications of facilities required under B.P. Blg. 344.
(c) The DOLE Secretary shall, from time to time, identify and provide other incentives to
private entities which employ disabled persons to encourage the active participation of
the private sector in promoting the welfare of disabled persons, and to ensure gainful
employment for qualified disabled persons.
4.2 Requirement for entitlement to incentives. â€“
The following shall be the requirements for entitlement to the incentives:
A. For employing disabled workers:
(a) DOH Accreditation as to the type of disability/ties of the disabled workers;
(b) DOLE (NMYC) Accreditation as to the skills and qualifications of the disabled workers;
(c) Certification of Employment of the accredited disabled workers from the
concerned DOLE Regional Director;
For purposes of Accreditation, DOLE and DOH shall establish a unit in each of their regional offices to facilitate the processing of the accreditation of the disabled persons.
B. For improving or modifying physical facilities for reasonable accommodation for disabled employees:
(a) Certification from the building inspectors in consultation with the DSWD and other concerned groups in the region where the facilities are located.
SECTION 5. Vocational Rehabilitation
5.1 Principle of equal opportunity. â€“ The principle of equal opportunity for disabled workers
shall extend to the provision to develop their skills for livelihood and gainful employment.
5.2 Vocational rehabilitation training. â€“ The NMYC, in coordination with every concern
department agency or LGU, shall include vocational rehabilitation training of disabled
person as a component of its continuing human resources development program and shall
exert efforts to integrate that thrust into its corporate plans. Such component may take the
form of research material production, training design and administration, or evaluation and
5.3 Vocational rehabilitation program. â€“ In adopting the component of vocational
rehabilitation, each agency or LGU, in coordination with NMYC, shall:
(a) Prepare a Comprehensive Support Plan based on the assessment of training needs and
skills inventory of disabled employees which will be provided by the DSWD.
(b) Design, implement and evaluate, a specific and appropriate program which the agency
or LGU can manage, direct and control within its organizational framework and
capacity. Such programs shall include, but not be limited, to the following:
1) Orientation Program which is intended to inform disabled employees about the
department, agency or LGU programs, thrusts and operations.
2) Social Adjustment/Personality/Development Program which is intended to equip
disabled persons with dynamics or interpersonal relationships as well as public
relations skills to prepare them for greater responsibilities.
3) Technical Program in specific areas which is intended to enhance the skills and
knowledge of disabled employees for livelihood and gainful employment.
4) Values Development Program which is intended to generate positive attitudes of disabled persons and to harness service values of participants to be effective
5) Entrepreneurial Opportunity Program which is intended to familiarize disabled persons who wish to enter into business ventures, the mechanics of business as well as available business opportunities or other productive endeavors. Any department, agency or LGU may enter into cooperative undertakings with other departments, agencies or LGUs, as the case may be, to develop and implement an appropriate vocational program for disabled persons.
5.4 Facilities for Vocational Rehabilitation
(a) Each LGU shall provide adequate and affordable facilities for vocational rehabilitation
projects. Said facilities shall include infrastructure, funding and manpower.
(b) A Livelihood Promotion Committee shall be established in every LGU. Said
Committee shall be tasked to develop, implement, monitor and evaluate vocational
rehabilitation programs for disabled persons residing in rural areas.
(c) The Livelihood Promotion Committee shall be comprised of a designated Community
Development Officer permanently employed in the LGU, a ranking NGO official, and a
disabled person nominated by concerned groups in the LGU involved in livelihood
5.5 Vocational Guidance and Counseling. â€“ The DSWD shall:
(a) Provide vocational guidance and counseling for disabled persons.
(b) Ensure the availability of trained counselors and staff for this purpose.
SECTION 1. Quality Education for Learners with Special Needs
1.1 Learning institutions under this rule shall admit all learners with special needs whether in
academic, vocational or technical courses and other training programs except in the following instances:
a) If the learning institutions have already accepted learners with special needs and further acceptance will render the teaching personnel and facilities less effective.
b) If the learning institutions do not meet the criteria set by the Bureau of SPED and are not included in the financial assistance program excepts for government and state owned learning institutions shall be encouraged and provided necessary assistance to comply with the requirements of this rule and shall be subject to monitoring, supervision and assessment.
c) Teacher training institutions are enjoined to include basic SPED courses at the undergraduate levels of education and in other related areas. These courses shall equip teachers with the skills needed to modify content and the teaching approaches used in ordinary classrooms so as to give curriculum access to learners with special needs. Skills in identifying and assessing learners with
special needs and in working with parents and the specialists shall also be developed.
d) Teaching institutions shall offer scholarship programs to SPED teachers in coordination with the Department of Education, Culture ands Sports, Commission on Higher Education and other government and non-government agencies. These programs can be provided through alternative training models to include but not limited to short term courses, distance education, mobile training, and module instruction.
1.2 Formal Education
To provide learners with special needs with access to basic education, learning institutions shall offer integrated education.
In order to ensure that quality education is accessible, the following components namely,
curriculum, educational programs, teaching methods and services shall be given importance
by learning institutions:
1. For persons with visual impairment in the preparatory, elementary and early secondary levels modified curriculum shall include but not limited to, sensory training, special instruction in Braille reading and writing, mathematics, orientation and mobility, music and typing.
Preparation for integration and mainstreaming must be worked out in the early years of schooling at the elementary level to assure thatvisually impaired children just like other children with special needs except those possibly with mental retardation are educated
worth their nonhandicapped peers to the fullest extent possible. For post secondary vocational to tertiary levels they shall be integrated and mainstreamed and undergo the regular curriculum. Learners with visual impairment in these levels shall be given the necessary service such as: reading, writing Braille, record library services, orientation and mobility, optical and medical services, counseling and other assistance.
2. For persons with hearing impairment, modified curriculum shall emphasize communication and language development which is tailored to meet the learnerâ€™s educational need. The curriculum shall include special instruction in speech, speech reading, auditory training and rhythm using total communication, multi-sensory and other approaches, They shall be referred to such support personnel as sign language interpreters, audiologist, otologist, speech therapist, auditory trainors and others as needed.
3. For persons with orthopedic handicaps, quality education shall be given in the same manner as those in the regular education except that school facilities and physical environment shall be in compliance with B.P. Blg. 344 and they shall be allowed to attend classes in the ground floors of the school buildings whenever possible. Class schedule and other pertinent considerations shall be made to suit their learning requirements.
4. For persons with mental retardation, modified curriculum shall emphasize training in self-care, socialization, motor, pre-vocational, vocational and other daily living skills. For those with severe retardation, emphasize shall be on the development of self-care skills.
5. For all types of learners with special needs, teaching strategies shall be creative, multidimensional, multi-sensorial and shall involve active participation of the learners.
6. For other types of learners with special needs:
a) Those with behavior problems including those with autism, those with learning disabilities and those with multiple handicaps, modified curriculum shall includes special activities and instructional techniques for the normalization of behavior, functions and technical, academic skills to prepare them for the world of work.
b) For disabled gifted persons, the curriculum should emphasize the development of communication skills, positive self-concept, high level abstract thinking, social skills
and independent living using creative teaching principles and interdisciplinary
7. All SPED personnel involved in the education of learners with special needs shall be
technically trained. The DECS shall continuously review the possibility of providing
incentives to these personnel to attract others to join this profession and prevent the fast
turnover of the SPED teachers to high paying jobs.
With the above considerations, learners with special needs shall be afforded appropriate
types of special education programs suited to their needs to maximize their potentials.
1.3 Nonformal Education
Alternative special delivery systems to complement formal education shall include but not
limited to community-based, church-based, hospital-based, and other non-school based
programs and services for learners with special needs.
Radio, TV video, print and other distance teaching approaches shall be utilized to reach out
to those who cannot avail of institution-based programs and services.
The participation of persons with special need, their parents and the community in the
delivery of programs and services to this special group must be enhanced through the
establishment of peer counseling, volunteerism, community awareness and church support.
SECTION 2. Program Modification and Eligibility for Financial Assistance
2.1 Modified Facilities and Equipment for Learners with Special Needs
a) For Academic Institutions
1. For persons with visual impairment â€“ sensory and tactile materials, Braille books
and record materials, Braille writing, printing and reading machines, orientation and
2. For persons with hearing impairment â€“ group or individual hearing aids, speech
trainers, tape recorders and speech or language kit containing auditory and language
3. For persons with orthopedic handicaps â€“ the requirements provided for by B.P. Blg.
344 shall complied with including adjustable desks or chairs and adapted physical
4. For persons with mental retardation â€“ facilities, equipment and instructional
materials for developing skills in self-care, socialization, motor, cognitive and prevocational
and vocational training.
5. Other types of learners with special needs: those with behavioral problems including those with autism, those with learning disabilities and those with multiple handicaps â€“ instructional devices and equipment for behavior modification, perceptual motor training, daily living skills, language and speech and cognitive skills development.
b) Vocational and Technical Schools and Centers for Learners with Special Needs.
To equip learners with special needs with vocational skills for gainful employment, on
the job or hands-on training and apprenticeship programs shall be encouraged.
1. For persons with visual impairment â€“ tools and machineries used must have Braille
marks and sound identifying features and other adaptations.
2. For persons with hearing impairment â€“ signal lights, signs and other adaptations shall
be incorporated in the tools and machineries.
3. For persons with orthopedic handicaps â€“ tools and machineries shall have adapted
devices which include but is not limited to the following:
Hand control for learners with special needs with non-functioning legs and feet; control
panel for those with non-functioning hands; and mouth control device for those with
non-functioning limbs. Height and size of the machines shall be considered in making
adaptations in the teaching learning environment.
4. For persons with mental retardation â€“ appropriate sheltered workshops, work centers
and other similar arrangements.
5. For other types of learners with special needs â€“ those adaptations mentioned in numbers
1,2,3 and 4 as needed.
c) Special Education Centers for Learners with Special Needs
SPED Centers shall be establish nationwide based on needs assessment and in consultation
with leaders of the disabled sectors.
2.2 Eligibility for Financial Assistance
a) Only those academic institutions and entities, vocational and technical schools and
centers and those offering other training programs with modified facilities and
equipment mentioned in Section 1 â€“ a and b of Rule III shall be eligible for financial
assistance under this rule.
b) All learners with special needs regardless of disability, age, sex, religion and creed,
shall be qualified for a financial assistance program provided they are Filipino citizens
and must have met the requirements set by the Bureau of SPED in accordance with
Section V of Rule IV.
SECTION 3. Scope:
A. The rules shall apply to all government agencies, national or local
B. Learners with special needs
C. Learning institutions, public or private, including rehabilitation agencies, sheltered
workshops, day care centers, and other institutions and entities of similar nature. With
regards to government agencies, it is the accountability of the concerned public official
directly involved in the formulation and approval of programs in the province, city or
municipality and the head of agencies and bureaus of the National Government.
SECTION 4. Enforcement
The Department of Education, Culture and Sports shall be responsible for the implementation of
these provisions in coordination with the Local Government Units, Commission on Higher
Education and Skills Development Authority.
SECTION 1. Basic Policy
The following policies govern the delivery of health services to disabled persons:
1. The delivery of health services to disabled persons shall be the responsibility and concern
of both the government and the private sector and the members of the community at
2. Health services for disabled persons should be an integral part of all basic health services.
3. Health services should be accessible, appropriate, acceptable, affordable and timely.
SECTION 2. Scope
These provisions shall apply to the following:
1. Government and private institutions involved in the delivery of health services
2. Special institutions, both government and private, delivering health services to disabled
SECTION 3. Function and Areas of Responsibility
A. Department of Health
1. National Health Program for Disabled Persons â€“ The Department shall:
1.1 include in its annual budgetary proposals the provision for the funding requirements of the program;
1.2 create a division under the Non-Communicable Disease Control Service that shall administer and lead in the implementation of the program;
1.3 set up a national registration/reporting system for specific types of disabilities and shall generate and assess data base on the current status, needs and circumstances of disabled persons in the country to provide an effective basis for a national health program plan for disabled persons; and
1.4 strengthen its programs on immunization, breastfeeding, maternal and child care, safe motherhood, family planning, pre-employment examination/orientation disease control programs and other relevant programs in support of the National Health Program for Disabled Persons.
2. Establishment of Medical Rehabilitation Centers at the Provincial Level â€“
The Department shall:
2.1 Initiate the establishment of medical rehabilitation centers at the provincial level and shall request for the necessary capital and equipment outlay needed for this purpose;
2.2 Program the establishment of medical rehabilitation centers at the provincial level through a reasonable phasing scheme that will ensure a nationwide coverage within a ten year period, subject to availability of funds;
2.3 Formulate policies and standards governing the operations of such medical rehabilitation centers;
2.4 Institute a manpower development program to ensure adequate manpower support for the centers; and
2.5 Monitor and assess regularly the operations of the centers to ensure that standards are strictly followed.
3. Training of Personnel
3.1 The Department of Health shall organize training programs for care of disabled persons and in consultation with the National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons and other specialists in the field, shall recommend standards for accreditation of training centers, trainors and training programs for the rehabilitation of disabled persons to ensure availability of quality health manpower necessary to operate rehabilitation centers nationwide.
3.2 It shall integrate into the existing training programs the disability
Management Training Programs.
3.3 The training should involve expertise from both government and private.
4. Other Health Services
4.1 The Department Of Health shall set the standard requirements and capabilities for care of disabled persons appropriate for each level of health care facility.
4.2 It shall develop in coordination with the National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons, a mechanism to monitor and enforce standards of care for disabled persons as embodied in the National Health Program for Disability, in both government and private health institutions in order to promote and protect the right to health of disabled persons.
4.3 It shall develop standards on technical aids produced locally.
B. Local Government Units â€“ It shall:
1. provide rehabilitation services within the scope and capability of the center at affordable cost;
2. allocate or construct a room within or adjacent to the provincial hospital building with a dimension of at least 100 square meters to house the medical rehabilitation center;
3. provide adequate funding for the proper maintenance and operation of the center;
4. create positions and provide funding for salaries of permanent and casual personnel assigned to the center; and
5. tap the services of local non-government organizations, private practitioners and other government agencies in the area, whenever feasible.
SECTION 4. Health Program for Disability
A. Institution of a National Health Program â€“ For the purpose of instituting a national health program for disability, an ad-hoc inter-agency committee if hereby created, to be composed of the following:
Chairman : Department of Health (DOH)
Co-Chairman : National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons(NCWDP)
Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD)
Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE)
Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS)
Nongovernment Organizations (NGOs)
University of the Philippines â€“ Manila
A representative each from League of cities, provinces and municipalities. Other multidisciplinary and multisectoral team of specialists or agencies that DOH and NCWDP may enlist.
1. The committee shall develop a master plan for a national health program for disability, which shall be comprehensive in nature, integrated in health service delivery, and shall have the basic premise of integrating disabled persons into the mainstream of society.
2. A national rehabilitation center shall be established under the program, which will function as a national training, research and rehabilitation center in the country.
3. The committee shall formulate the program within one year from the approval of these Rules and Regulations. Operational expenses of the committee shall be charged against the funds of the Department of Health.
4. The committee shall be responsible in determining the amount necessary for the initial implementation of the program.
The National Health Program for Disability shall address health promotion, prevention,
early detection and rehabilitation of disabilities/conditions, which shall include but not
limited to the following:
1. ortho/moving disabilities
2. communication deficits
3. visual/seeing disabilities
4. learning (cognitive or intellectual) disabilities
5. chronic illnesses with disability
6. mental disabilities
7. psychosocial and behavioral
C. Implementing Agencies
1. The Department of Health, in coordination with the National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons, shall be the leads agency in the implementation of the program.
2. The following government agencies shall actively participate in the
implementation of the program:
2.1 Local Government Units
2.2 Department of Social Welfare and Development
2.3 Department of Labor and Employment
2.4 Department of Education, Culture and Sports
2.5 Other government/nongovernment agencies, which the Department of
Health and the National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons may enlist.
3. All health equipment, facilities and personnel under the local government units shall be made available for the implementation of the program.
4. The Department of Health shall develop the mechanism for the effective participation of the above agencies.
SECTION 5. Establishment of Medical rehabilitation Centers at the Provincial Level
A. Operational Guidelines for Provincial Medical Rehabilitation Centers
1. The Medical Rehabilitation Center shall be attached to the Department of Medicine of the Provincial Hospital. It shall be under the administrative supervision of the chief of the Department of Medicine.
2. The Medical Rehabilitation Center shall provide, as a minimum, the services of a physical therapist and/or an occupational therapist on a permanent basis.
3. The basic minimum requirements for equipment and supplies for a provincial medical
rehabilitation centers shall consist of the following appropriate technological devices:
3.1 Hydro collator with pack
3.2 Treatment table with pelvic traction (optional)
3.3 Cervical traction (optional)
3.4 Therapeutic ultrasound
3.5 Portable electrical stimulator
3.6 Therapeutic gym
3.6.1 Parallel bar with postural mirror
3.6.2 Overhead pulley
3.6.4 Stairs and ramp
3.6.5 Bicycle with ergo meter
3.7 Evaluation Kits
3.9 Adapted tables and chairs
3.10 Stove and water heater
4. The minimum services to be provided by provincial medical rehabilitation centers shall be physical and psychosocial rehabilitation. Other services, such as but not limited to occupational and speech rehabilitation may be provided depending on the capability of the center. Services beyond the area of expertise of the center shall be referred to higher centers.
5. To maintain the continuity of services, patience who have undergone rehabilitation at the provincial medical rehabilitation centers shall be referred to their respective local government units for any appropriate community-based rehabilitation services and for follow up.
6. The Medical Rehabilitation Center shall be a training ground for field health personnel in the provision of the rehabilitation service to Disabled persons.
7. Regional Hospitals and Regional/Medical Centers with Physiatrists and other health professionals shall develop a mechanism for regular periodic visits of such specialist to provincial medical rehabilitation centers within their catchments areas. Expenditures arising from such visits shall be borne by that recipient local government unit.
SECTION 6. Health Services
The following types of health services shall be made available to disabled persons at the
1. Primary, secondary and tertiary health care
2. Health education and counseling services
3. Referral to other centers, both government and non-government organizations for further/special care when necessary
B. Availment of Services
1. All disabled/handicapped persons shall receive, without prejudice to their condition, the appropriate outpatient and in-patient health services available in any government/private health institutions.
3. Health services available in any government health facility shall be provided;
- free to indigent disabled handicapped patients
- at discounted rates for other disabled/handicapped patients, according to conditions to be set by the Department of Social welfare and Development and the Department of Health
C. Specific Health Services
1. Basic Health services for the prevention, early diagnosis, timely intervention, and early rehabilitation of disability shall be provided to disabled persons such as, but not limited to, the following:
1.1 Control of communicable and non-communicable diseases
1.3 Environment sanitation
1.4 Maternal/child health services.
1.4.1 Parental counseling
1.4.2 Safe delivery
1.4.3 Child care and immunization
1.4.4 Control of diarrheal diseases
1.4.6 Premarital/genetic counseling
1.5 Control of environmental hazards and occupational safety
1.6 Dental care
1.7 General health and medical services
1.8 Physical and psychosocial rehabilitation
2. Disability Screening
2.1 All health personnel attending to birth, whether private or public, shall screen for and report disabilities to the nearest rural health unit within seven (7) days.
2.2 Screening at the barangay level using the approved screening tool to be developed shall be done by the midwife and/or barangay health worker (either the barangay health worker, barangay nutrition health scholar or the like).
2.3 Any child identified/suspected with a disability during the process of immunization or Operation Timbang shall be referred to the nearest government health care facility for confirmation of findings.
2.4 Confirmation of disability shall be done by a rural health physician/district hospital physician/provincial hospital physician or regional hospital physician/ private physician as the case may be, for work-up and specific treatment, management and rehabilitation.
2.5 All confirmed disability cases shall be recorded and reported in accordance with the Department of Healthâ€™ guidelines.
2.6 All primary and secondary schools, both public and private, shall integrate disability screening during the annual physical examination utilizing the approved forms to be developed.
2.7 The school physician/nurse/teacher shall make a report of all suspected disabilities to the principal, who in turn shall inform, advice and make appropriate medical referrals through the parents.
2.8 All cases of disability diagnosed and confirmed in any health care facility
whether government or private shall be reported to the Department of Health.
D. Promotive and Preventive Health Measures
1. The Department of Health shall strengthen its immunization program for all infants and children.
2. All health centers at various levels shall provide genetic, prenatal and premarital counseling.
3. Provincial hospitals shall assign appropriate health professionals who shall act as genetic counselor after appropriate training.
SECTION 7. Training of Personnel
A. The government shall cause to provide training to health personnel providing service to
1. The Department of health, in collaboration with the National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons, shall ensure and undertake training of all appropriate health personnel involved in the delivery of disability-related services. Such health personnel would include, but not be limited to the following:
1.1 Medical Personnel
Physicians – rural health physicians/municipal health physicians, district/provincial hospital physicians
1.2 Health Personnel
Nutritionist â€“ dietician
Other Rehabilitation workers
1.3 Community Health Workers
Barangay Health Workers
Volunteer Health Workers
Barangay Nutrition Scholar
Community-based rehabilitation field worker (local supervisor)
The training should include, but shall not be limited to, the following:
1. Early Detection and Identification of Disabilities
3. Family Care Program for the Disabled in the Community
4. Psychosocial Concerns of Disabled Persons: Detection and Management of
Psychosocial Problems Among Disabled Persons
5. Nutrition Education
6. Genetic Counseling
7. Psychiatric and Medical Emergencies: Identification and Management of
8. Rehabilitation Procedures Including Dangers and Precautions
9. Interdisciplinary Approach: Tran disciplinary Awareness and Role Functioning
10. Environmental Hazards
11. Referral Network
12. Safe Motherhood
13. Safe Drugs
SECTION 1. Auxiliary Social Services
The State shall ensure that the marginalized persons are provided with the necessary auxiliary
services that will restore their social functioning and participation in community affairs. Toward
this end, the Department of Social Welfare and Development shall develop and implement
programs on auxiliary social services that respond to the needs of marginalized disabled persons.
With the implementation of the Local Government Code of 1991, Department of Social Welfare
and Development devolved the above services for abandoned, neglected, abused and unattached
disabled members of the family to the municipal and city government. The responsibility for provision of these services shall rest on the mayor who shall assign the implementation of these services to the DSWD devolved social worker in the municipality/city. When there are no social workers among devolved staff, the mayor should hire at least one to ensure effective implementation of these services. The DSWD shall develop the standards of these services, and assist in building the capability of the assigned social worker through training and technical consultation and regular monitoring of these services.
The Social Worker shall provide these services through the following procedures:
A. Provide subsidized program for the acquisition of prosthetic devices and Medical
Intervention on Specialty Services. This service shall assist the marginalized disabled
person to improve his physical residual capacity through medical intervention and/or use
of technical devices. The City/Municipal Social Worker shall undertake the following
1. Inform the community of the availability of the assistance for physical restoration
services for disabled persons.
2. Refer the client to a doctor in the Regional Hospital or any other government
hospital specializing in the provision of physical restoration devices for medical
and physical assessment to determine the need for physical restoration.
3. Consult and coordinate with attending physician the need for prosthetic devices
and/or medical intervention to restore residual physical capacities. Specification of prosthetic devices shall be recommend by the medical specialist.
4. Mobilize resources of the family, the community and coordinate with government and non-government agencies involved in disabled persons to assist in hospitalization and other needs while client is undergoing prosthesis fitting and medical intervention services.
5. Discuss with the disabled person and his family upon recommendation for prosthetic and/or medical intervention by the doctor, the advantages and disadvantages of the intervention.
6. Motivate and counsel client to undergo the treatment
7. Refer the client to the government hospital to avail of prosthetic devices and/or surgical intervention.
8. Whenever necessary, the transportation assistance shall be provided to enable the disabled person to travel to and from the hospital. The Department of Health shall adopt a standard on technical aids produced in the country both by local and foreign manufacturers.
B. Provision of auxiliary aids and services.
The following services shall be provided by appropriate government and non-government
1. Service of qualified interpreters and readers shall be provided by the organizing agency when these services are necessary in their projects or activities.
2. Training program shall be provided for direct service workers of agencies where services of interpreters or readers would facilitate communication.
3. Program for training of specialist to facilitate the learning process of people with mental disability.
4. Acquisition or modification of equipment or devices, like voice synthesizer, to facilitate communication.
C. Provision of specialized training activities designed to improve functional limitations of
disabled persons related to communication skills. This service shall assist the marginalized disabled person with hearing and/or speech and visual impairment. The goal of the service is to enable the client to communicate his needs and ideas thru skills learned and improved his social interaction with people. The following procedures shall be undertaken by the city/municipal social worker:
1. Identify disabled persons with communications skills problem and if feasible, group
them together. If this is not possible, individualized training shall be provided. These
disabled persons shall include:
a. visually impaired persons who need to learn Braille reading and writing for social and economic functions
b. disabled person who has hearing and/or speech impairment and has not developed a language to communicate and relate with other persons to enable him to participate in family and community life
c. other disabled persons such as cerebral palsy shall be provided these
services if and when necessary.
2. Identify the pool of resource persons who will train the above-mentioned disabled persons e.g. trained DSWD workers in Community Based Project for Hearing Impaired (CBPHI) for the deaf or in Rehabilitation or Rural Blind workers for visually impaired, Special Education teachers from the DECS and NGOs involved in the development of communication skills for the disabled persons.
3. Refer to the proper venue for the training as Specified by Sec.14 of the Code e.g.
Day Care Centers, Day Centers for the Elderly, Barangay Halls and others
4. Set training schedule which is convenient and shall accommodate not only disabled person but his family member/s as well. It is important for family members to attend and learn in order for the whole family to be able to communicate with disabled member. This is especially true for hearing impaired person. The length of training will depend on the ability of the disabled person to learn the skills. When necessary, in addition to Braille reading and writing or total communication skills, these clients shall undergo social academics which includes development of knowledge and understanding of weights, measures, time, signing of name, use of public facilities such as telephones, post office and public transportation.
Disabled persons with speech impairment not secondary to deafness, e.g. stroke victims, trauma, harelip etc. shall be referred to speech training.
D. Development among disabled persons of a positive self-image through the provision of
counseling, orientation and mobility and strengthening of daily living capability.
1. Individual and Group Counseling
The disabled person who is willing to undergo physical, social, vocational rehabilitation shall be provided counseling services by the social worker either through individual or group sessions. The goal of the service is encourage disabled person to share their problems in order to have greater understanding of their causes. From this understanding they will commit themselves to take action that will solve their problems. As a result they will gain confidence in their
ability to decide and find solutions to their problems. When necessary, the social worker shall conduct and refer the client to existing government and nongovernment agencies providing counseling services in the area.
2. Orientation and Mobility Training – The Social Worker shall help disabled person identify resource persons in the community, who can assist blind persons and mentally retarded persons learn to travel independently and safely.
3. Daily Living Skills – The Social Worker shall help disabled person develop skills in daily living activities (DLA). She can do this by direct teaching of the clients or through a member of the family. DLA training include skills in bathing, getting dressed, washing clothes, cleaning the house and other things that people do from the time they wake up to the time they sleep.
4. If skills of the Social Worker is inadequate to meet the training needs of the disabled person, he shall assist the client identify persons or agencies in the community who can respond to these needs.
E. Provision of Family Care Services is geared towards assisting the disabled person who is not adequately cared for due to rejection or inadequate knowledge and skills of the family in taking care of a disabled person. To achieve this goal, the Social Worker shall undertake the following activities:
1. The Social Worker shall assist the family determine their strengths and weaknesses in coping with the problems brought about by the clients disability.
2. The Social Worker shall work with the disabled person and his family, develop a plan
of activities aimed at meeting the care giving needs of the disabled person . Where knowledge and skills of the family in care giving is lacking, the Social Worker shall help tap resources, such as the health authorities or other members of the community to teach any family member of the disabled person, the necessary care needed.
3. The Social Worker shall see to it that plans are implemented. Follow-up shall be conducted to encourage the family and provide the moral support needed thus helping reduce any stress that may arise as a result of prolonged care by family members.
F. Provision of after care and follow-up services for the continued rehabilitation on a community based setting of disabled persons who were released from residential care or rehabilitation centers. This service is a continuation of the rehabilitation process within the family and in community setting after the disabled person is released from institutional care. The Social Worker shall assist in the reintegration process by the disabled person into his family and community, become productive, self-reliant and contributing member of society.
1. The Social Worker shall work with the family of the disabled person in preparationfor his release upon receipt notice from the referring institution.
2. The Social Worker shall prepare the family for the eventual return of the disabled person utilizing her skills in case management.
3. Resources of the community should be mobilized to provide necessary resources to help in the integration of the disabled in his family and community.
G. Provision of Day Care Services for disabled children of pre-school age. It is the aim of this service to reintegrate the disabled child with existing day care services in order for him to grow as normal a child as possible in spite of his disabilities. The normal children in the center shall be helped to be more understanding of the plight of the disabled child letting him participate in everyday activities. The following activities shall be
undertaken by the social worker:
1. Prepare the disabled child and his family for integration in a regular day care center nearest his residence. Advice them on what to expect, activities to be done and the people the disabled child will be learning, playing and enjoying with.
2. Coordinate with day care worker on how to handle a disabled child and what activities can be given so that all the children can participate in. Assist the day care worker in developing these skills.
3. Assist Day Care Worker in encouraging parents of disabled children to participate in Day Care projects/activities.
H. Provision of Substitute Family cares services and the facilities therefore for abandoned, neglected, abused and unattached disabled persons who need custodial care. Substitute parental and family care shall be provided by the State to abandoned, neglected, unattached, marginalized disabled persons in residential care facilities.
1. Applicants or referrals from the field shall be assessed by the Social Welfare Development Officer to ensure that the disabled person meets the criteria. The disabled person shall be referred to the nearest available residential care facility where he resides.
2. The residential care shall provide rehabilitation services with the aim of acquiring skills on self-care, socialization and independent living for eventual re-integration to the community.
The local government unit shall make sure that the necessary funds are available for the implementation of the above services.
A. The National Telecommunications Commission shall coordinate with the Kapisanan ng mga Brodkaster sa Pilipinas, as far as those TV stations that are members thereof, or to the concerned TV stations as far as those that are not members thereof the implementation of the provision of SECTION 22, CHAPTER 5 of R.A. 7277
B. The TV stations, at its option, may decide as to whether they shall provide a sign language inset or subtitles in its newscast program.
C. The TV stations shall have the sole discretion as to the time of the day that they shall provide either a sign language inset or subtitles in their newscast program.
D. On special programs covering events of national significance, the TV stations shall likewise have the sole discretion to provide a sign language inset or subtitles in the coverage thereof.
E. All TV stations, whether KBP members or not, shall inform the National Telecommunications Commission their willingness to cooperate in the implementation of
this noble undertaking through the prescribed form that can be secured from the National Telecommunications Commission Office.
F. The National Telecommunications Commission, through its regulatory power over the broadcast media, shall encourage all TV stations to provide a sign language inset or subtitles in at least one (1) newscast program a day and special programs covering events of national significance. It shall also encourage all radio and television stations and national dailies to allot a percentage of free air time/space for information dissemination on disability and its prevention. The NCWDP in coordination with other agencies shall develop key messages for this purpose and monitor the same.
G. The National Telecommunications Commission shall coordinate with the telephone
operators all over the country, the implementation of the provision of SECTION 23, CHAPTER 5 of RA No. 7277
H. All telephone operators in the country upon request of the agencies/institutions concerned with the welfare of disabled persons shall provide type approved special telephone devices and improvisations for the hearing-impaired or handicapped persons at the offices of the said agencies or institutions.
I. The National Telecommunications Commissions through its regulatory power of the telephone operators shall encourage the said operators to put up telephone devices, services and improvisations for the disabled persons to enable them to communicate through the telephone system.
J. For purposes of the provision of SECTION 24, CHAPTER 5 of RA No. 7277, the words â€œpostal chargesâ€ whether the same is ordinary or special. Provided, that the articles, parcels, and/or packages are for personal uses or purposes only.
K. The following articles, parcels and/or packages free of postal charges are as follows,
a) articles and literatures like books and periodical, orthopedics and other devices, and teaching aids for the use of the disabled persons sent by mail within the Philippines and abroad; and
b) aids and orthopedic devices for the disabled persons sent abroad by mail for repair.
L. The following are the requirements for the availment of this privilege, to with:
1. That the disabled person is a Filipino citizen.
2. That the disabled person is a marginalized disabled person as certified to by the Social Welfare and Development office of the municipality or city government unit where the disabled person is a resident or by the representative of the Department of Social Welfare and Development in the municipality or city government unit where the disabled person is a resident.
3. That the disabled person either as the sender/or addressee has the necessary accreditation certificate as such issued by the Postmaster General or his representative of the Philippine Postal Corporation.
4. That the definition of marginalized disabled person as referred to in this article is one who lack access to rehabilitation services and opportunities to be able to participate fully in socioeconomic activities and who have no means of livelihood or whose income fall below the poverty threshold.
5. That it is understood that the articles and literatures like books and periodicals, orthopedic and other devices, teaching aids, are for the exclusive use of the disabled person and that the same when mailed is unsealed and may be opened for postal inspection and does not contain commercial advertising materials.
6. That the envelop or wrapper of the franked mail shall bear on the left upper corner the name of the sender with its complete address and on the upper right corner the words â€œFree Master for Disabled Personâ€. Private or unauthorized use to avoid payment of postage is penalized by a fine or imprisonment or both.
SECTION 1. Mobility
The State shall promote the mobility of disabled persons. Disabled persons shall be allowed to drive motor vehicles, subject to the rules and regulations issued by the Land Transportation Office pertinent to the nature of their disability and the appropriate adaptations or modifications
made on vehicles.
1.1 Rule and Regulations in the Application of Driverâ€™s License for Disabled Persons
A. Scope and Application
Any disabled person who desires to apply for a driverâ€™s license shall file with any Land Transportation Office (LTO) licensing center or district office an application form prescribed by the LTO containing certain information and compliance with the requirements hereinafter set forth.
The requirements that have to be complied with by an applicant/disabled person for
driverâ€™s license are the following:
1. Medical Certificate/Recommendation from a government accredited physician;
2. The applicant/disabled person must take and pass written and practical examinations;
3. New applicant must secure student permit and undergo driving instruction for 60 days;
4. All disabled drivers/applicants may use a customized vehicle provided that it meets the standard/specifications set and duly requested at LTO.
C. Who may Apply for License
1. Partially blind â€“ person with poor visual acuity due to partial loss of vision/sight.
2. Orthopedically Impaired â€“ person with amputated left or right leg; amputated left or right arm; post-polio victims; paralyzed legs; weak legs but not paralyzed;
3. Speech and Hearing Impaired â€“ person unable to speak but can hear; can partially
Hear All applications approved and granted by LTO shall be valid for three (3) years starting 1993 using prescribed credit card type driverâ€™s license for disabled persons. Those previously
issued licenses may apply for its conversion.
SECTION 2. Access to Public Transport Facilities
The Department of Social Welfare and Development shall develop a program to assist marginalized disabled persons gain access in the use of public transport facilities. Such assistance may be in the form of subsidized transportation fare. The following guidelines shall
govern a subsidized transportation scheme:
This section shall cover only marginalized disabled persons which is so defined in the Act as
disabled persons who lack access to rehabilitative services and opportunities to be able to participate fully in socio-economic activities and who have no means of livelihood or whose
incomes fall below the poverty threshold.
a.1 Lacking in access to rehabilitative services would mean those who have limited or no
ability to obtain medical, social, educational, vocational an livelihood opportunities.
a.2 Poverty threshold means income cutoff for a family of six (6) based on NEDA findings. The subsidized transportation scheme can only be availed of by:
a.3 Marginalized disabled persons who will be undergoing training on vocational and/or livelihood skills enhancement programs in vocational rehabilitation centers managed by government and non-government agencies.
a.4 Marginalized disabled persons who want to resettle in their place of origin with the intention of finally residing there.
a.5 Marginalized disabled persons who are to avail of prosthetic devices, surgical intervention and other domestic travels related for educational needs.
b.1 These provisions are limited to domestic travels only.
b.2 The social welfare officer or any officer designated to implement social welfare services in the municipality shall determine:
b.2.1 Nearest venue for education, training or hospital which will provide the prosthetic devices;
b.2.2 Practical and most convenient mode of air, land or sea transportation to be used by the disabled persons.
b.2.3 The DSWD managed rehabilitation centers giving the training shall provide for transportation assistance to disabled persons during the period of training.
b.2.4 Except those who are receiving transportation assistance in DSWD vocational rehabilitation centers, the disabled person seeking this can avail of it from the Office of the Mayor of the municipality of this residence. The local social welfare development officer or any other officer designated to implement social welfare services shall facilitate the giving
of transportation assistance to qualified disabled persons.
b.2.5 The eligibility requirements on the provision of vocational training and/or prosthetic devices given to disabled persons are provided for in the implementing rules and regulations of
Chapter 1 (Employment) Section 9 and Chapter 4 (Auxiliary Social Services) Section 21 Letter (1) respectively of this Act.
b.2.6 The local government unit shall make sure that necessary funds for the transportation assistance to be given to the disabled persons are included in their budget. Exception to this provision are those disabled persons who are undergoing training in DSWD managed vocational rehabilitation centers and other non-government managed centers.
SECTION 1. System of Voting
a. On the day specified by law for registration, a qualified disabled person may register as a voter by accomplishing the required voterâ€™s affidavit, and such other forms as may be required by the Commission on Elections with respect to need of assistance and access.
b. The voterâ€™s affidavit of a disabled person may be prepared:
i. Any relative within the fourth civil degree of consanguinity or affinity; or
ii. Any member of the board of election inspectors.
c. Any person above-mentioned who assists a disabled person in the preparation of the voterâ€™s affidavit shall;
i. Prepare voterâ€™s affidavit in accordance with the data supplied by the applicant; and
ii. Take an oath before the board of election inspectors that he shall fill up such affidavit in accordance with the instructions given by said disabled person.
d. The fact of disability and/or the inability of a registrant to prepare the voterâ€™s affidavit and/or vote and the name of the person assisting in the preparation of the form shall be duly recorded in the Minutes of Registrations.
e. When circumstances so warrant, the Chairman of the Board may authorize the registration of a disabled person in designated accessible areas within the same polling place. No person shall be denied registration by reason of the inaccessibility of the precincts.
a. A disabled person shall be allowed to be assisted by a person of his choice in the preparation of the ballot provided that such assistor is:
i. A relative, by affinity or consanguinity within the fourth civil degree;
ii. Any person of his confidence, whether or not belonging to the same household; or
iii. Any member of the board of election inspectors.
b. A disabled voter shall be allowed to vote with the assistance of another person when the fact of the inability to vote is indicated in the voterâ€™s registration record.
c. No person may assist disabled persons in voting more than three (3) times except members of the board of election inspectors.
d. The person chosen to assist a disabled voter shall prepare the ballot for the disabled voter inside the voting booth.
e. The person assisting shall bind himself in a formal document under oath to fill out the ballot strictly in accordance with the instructions of the voter and not to reveal the contents of the ballot prepared.
f. The fact of voting with the assistance of another person and the oath taken by the assistor shall be indicated in the Minutes of Voting and Counting of Votes.
g. The proper election shall designate accessible areas within the polling place where disabled voterâ€™s may cast their votes. No person shall be denied the right to vote by reasons of the inaccessibility of the precinct or polling place.
1.3 The Commission on Elections shall promulgate rules and regulations, incorporating new methods and technologies, which shall facilitate and enhance the exercise of the right to suffrage by disabled citizens.
SECTION 2. Right To Assemble
Consistent with provision of the Constitution, the States shall recognize the right of disabled
persons to participate in procession, rallies, parade, demonstrations, public meetings, and assemblage or other forms of mass or concerted action held in public.
SECTION 3. Right To Organize
The State shall recognizes the right of disabled persons to form organizations or associations that
promote their welfare and advance or safeguard their interests. The National Government, through its agencies, instrumentalities and subdivisions, shall assist disabled persons in establishing self-help organizations by providing them with the necessary technical and financial assistance.
Concerned government agencies and offices shall establish close linkages with organizations of
disabled persons in order to respond expeditiously to the needs of disabled persons. National line
agencies and local government units shall assist disabled persons in setting up specific projects
that will be managed like business propositions.
To ensure the active participation of disabled persons in the social and economic development of
the country, their organizations shall be encourage to participate in the planning, organization
and management of government programs and projects for disabled persons. Organizations of disabled person shall participate in the identification and preparation of programs that shall serve to develop employment opportunities for the disabled persons.
SECTION 1. Discrimination on Employment
The public or private sector shall not discriminate against a qualified disabled person by reason of disability in regard to job application procedures, the hiring, promotion or discharge of employees, employeesâ€™ compensation, job training, and other terms, conditions and privileges of
1.2 Acts of Discrimination
The following shall constitute acts of discrimination:
a. limiting, segregating or classifying a disabled job applicant in such a manner that adversely affects his work opportunities;
b. using qualification standards, employment test or the selection criteria that screen out or tend to screen out a disabled person unless such standards, test or the selection criteria are shown to be job related for the position in question and are consistent with business necessity;
c. utilizing standards, criteria or methods with business necessity;
1. have the effect of discrimination on the basis of disability;
2. perpetuate the discrimination of others who are subject to common administrative control;
d. providing less compensation, such as salary, wage or other forms of remuneration and fringe benefits, to a qualified disabled employee, by reason of his disability, than the amount to which a non-disabled person performing the same work is entitled;
e. favoring a non-disabled employee over a qualified disabled employee with respect to promotion, training opportunities, study and scholarship grants solely on account of the latterâ€™s disability;
f. re-assigning or transferring a disabled employee to a job or position he cannot perform by reason of his disability;
g. dismissing or terminating the services of disabled employee by reasons of his disability unless the employer can prove that he impairs the satisfactory performance of the work involved to the prejudice of the business entity; provided that the employer first sought to provide reasonable accommodations for disabled persons;
h. failing to select or administer in the most effective manner employment test which accurately reflects the skill, aptitude or other factors of the disabled applicant or employee that such test purports to measure, rather than the impaired sensory, manual or speaking skills of such applicant or employee, if any; and
i. excluding disabled persons from membership in labor unions or similar organizations.
SECTION 2. Employment Entrance Examination
2.1 The disabled person, upon an offer of employment, will be subjected to medical examination
on the following occasions:
a. all entering employees are subjected to such examination regardless of disability;
b. information obtained during the medical condition or history of the applicant is collected and maintained on separate forms and in separate medical files and is treated as a confidential medical record, provided that:
1. supervisors and managers may be informed regarding necessary restrictions on the work or duties of the employees and necessary accommodations;
2. first aid and safety personnel may be informed, when appropriate, if the disability may require emergency treatment.
3. government officials investigating compliance with this Act shall be provided relevant information on request; and
4. the results of such examination may be used only in accordance with this Act.
SECTION 3. Discrimination on the Use of Public Accommodations and Services
1. For purpose of this section, public accommodation and services, please refer to the
Implementing Rules and Regulations of Batas Pambansa Blg. 344, otherwise known as
the Accessibility Law.
2. Discrimination on the use of a terminal, depot or other stations used for specified public
transportation. The discrimination on disabled persons referred in this section, is the impartial treatment of the owner, lessee or operator of public transport terminals, stations and depot or the
partial or non-provision of services, facilities, privileges, advantages or accommodations to disabled passengers on the basis of disability which are afforded to able-bodied individual. The following constitute acts of discrimination whether directly or through contractual, licensing or other arrangement, to wit:
1. denying the disabled passenger to enter the terminal, station or depot premises; purchase travel tickets; prepare waybills; secure boarding passes; claim tags for baggageâ€™s and other transactions which an able-bodied passenger may do.
2. failure to provide accessibility features such as ramps, signage and stickers inside the terminal, station or depot;
3. failure to designate seats in the waiting area for disabled passengers if there are seats available.
4. denying the disabled passenger to use the toilet/washrooms or failure to make
such facilities accessible.
SECTION 1. Investigation
The Secretary of Justice shall investigate alleged violations of the Act and shall undertake
periodic reviews of compliance of covered entities under the Act.
SECTION 2. Commencement of Legal Action
If the Secretary of Justice has reasonable cause to believe that any person or group of person is
engaged in a pattern or practice of discrimination under this Act; or any person or group of
persons has been discriminated against under this Act and such discrimination raises an issue of
general public importance the secretary of justice may commence a ;legal action in any appropriate court.
SECTION 3. Court Authority
The Court may grant any equitable relief that such court considers to be appropriate including to
the extent required by the Act:
a) granting temporary, preliminary or permanent relief
b) providing an auxiliary aid or service, modification of policy, practice or procedure, or alternative method; and
c) making facilities readily accessible to and usable by individuals with disabilities
SECTION 4. Penalties
Any person who violates any provision of the Act shall suffer the following penalties:
1. Any person who violates any provision of the Act shall suffer the following penalties:
a. for the first violation. A fine of not less than fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00) bit not exceeding one hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00) or imprisonment of not less than six (6) months but not more than two (2) years, or both at the discretion of the court; and b. for any subsequent violation, a fine of not less than one hundred thousand pesos (P100,000.00) but not exceeding two (2) hundred pesos (P200,000.00) or imprisonment of not less than two (2) years but not more than six (6) years, or both at the discretion of the court.
2. Any person who abuses the privileges granted herein shall be punished with imprisonment of
not less than six (6) months or a fine of not less than five thousand pesos (P5,000.00) but not
more than fifty thousand pesos (P50,000.00), or both at the discretion of the court.
3. If the violator is a corporation, organization or any similar entity, the officials thereof directly
involved shall be liable therefore.
4. If the violator is an alien or a foreigner, he shall be deported immediately after service of
sentence without further deportation proceedings.
The National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons shall monitor the implementation of
these Implementing Rules and Regulations (IRR) of the Magna Carta for Disabled Persons. A
monitoring scheme machinery shall be formulated to provide regular and up-to-date information
on the progress of its enforcement.
These rules and regulations shall take effect thirty (30) days after the date of publication in the
Official Gazette promulgated by:
(SGD) HON. JUAN M. FLAVIER M.D. MPH
Department of Health
HON. CORAZON ALMA G. DE LEON
Department of Social Welfare and Development
HON. MA. NIEVES CONFESOR
Department of Labor and Employment
HON. RICARDO T. GLORIA
Department of Education, Culture and Sports
Commission on Higher Education
HON. RAFAEL ALUNAN III
Department of Interior and Local Government
HON. JESUS B. GARCIA, JR.
Department of Transportation and Communications
HON. FRANKLIN M. DRILON
Department of Justice
HON. GREGORIO R. VIGILAR
Department of Public Works and Highways
HON. CHRISTIAN MONSOD
Commission on Elections
In coordination with:
The National Council for the Welfare of Disabled Persons
HON. CORAZON ALMA G. DE LEON